What is Ping Pong Table Official Dimensions & Size?

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One of the fastest moving sports, demanding possibly the quickest reactions, Ping Pong is among the most loved games in the world. It requires two or four players, some minimum tools, and loads n’ loads of adrenaline rush. It’s an exciting sport often played for recreational purposes, but when played on a professional level, the game is a sight to behold. The best way possible to witness this sport in its finest form is to watch it being played at the Olympics. 

Very much similar to lawn tennis, Ping Pong is rather played on a flat table divided into two equal parts (courts) by a net fastened across its width at the center. The core objective is to hit the ball in a way that it goes over the net and bounces straight on the opponent’s half in a way that the opponent is not able to reach or return it correctly. This lightweight hollow ball is hit back and forth across the central net by little rackets (paddles or bats) held by the players.

To the Origin of Ping Pong: 

Ping Pong came into existence in 1880 when the lawn tennis players thought of giving the game a twist and shifting it to the indoors to be safe from the chilling winters. 

Even though the game got its birth in the 1880s, it became popular only after the 1900s when a number of tournaments for it was held with more than 300 participants. 

This very popular sport stands at the 6th position in the most famous sports list with a fan following of around 850 million.

The Name- Ping Pong

Ever wondered how a sound could be an inspiration for a name? 

Of the many confusions in the world, one is right here with the game. After it came into existence the game got many names- Ping Pong, Ping Pang, Whiff-Whaff (onomatopoeia into play), and the most popular one – Table Tennis. 

Whether or not Ping Pong and Table Tennis are the same is a whole other topic of discussion which we can enter into some other day. 

So, the name…

As mentioned earlier, the game popped up as the Victorians pulled in tennis into the confinement of a room. It was initially played with books arranged at the center where we have nets today, and cigar box lids were used to hit the ball on the counterpart of the able. 

It was named Whiff-Whaff at the beginning for the sound this ball made as it hit the book that was used as a racket. 

In 1990, then a Whiff-Whaff player brought a celluloid ball and the name of the game was changed to Ping-Pong followed by the sound it made. John Jacques from England registered the name Ping-Pong soon after that. 

Later some other players began calling it Table-Tennis. To smash down all the confusion ITTF (about which we would be talking soon) then separated the commercial Ping-Pong from Table Tennis, the sport.

Regulations and Requirements: 

First things first, before hopping into a game you must know about the functioning of Ping Pong.

Almost all the well-known sports have an official body to regulate the rules of it. Beginning from how to mark when a score is done to the standards of the gears (used in the sport), and to the dimensions and materials that are to be followed for courts and tables. 

For ping-pong, it is the ITTF or The International Table Tennis Federation

Did you know? 

Lisa Lomas and Jackie Bellinger, in 1993 set a world record hitting the ping pong ball for a total of 173 times back and forth. It was set just in 1 minute of full playtime.

No one’s touched their record ever since! 

Official Rules: 

  • A single game is played to 11 points. Also, there must be a gap of 2 points between the opponents by the end of the game. A match is basically the best 3 of 5 games. 
  • A single-player takes 2 serves after which the service is given to the counterpart, except for the extra time where the serve is changed each time. 
  • For Double Serve Games, service should be diagonal (marked white lines) from the right half court to the right half court of the opponent. 

Service change in Doubles is as follows:

At the beginning of a game, the serving team would decide upon which player will be serving first. The first player that serves is A1 and;

A1 serves towards B1 (2 services)

B1 then serves towards A2 (2 services)

A2 then serves towards B2 (2 services)

B2 serves towards A1 (2 services)

Repeat!

  • For Doubles you need to alternate the hitting with your partner. 
  • The ball must first hit and bounce on your side before reaching your opponent, who, then would allow it to hit and bounce again before trying to return it.
  • The ball must be passing cleanly over the net. If it ‘clips’ the net and then goes over, it is considered a ‘let’ and the serve is done again.
  • If the ball hits the net and doesn’t pass to the other side the point is given to the opponent. 

Official Dimensions: 

As per the rules the ping pong table needs to follow the below mentioned dimensions in length X Width X Height. You’ll see the tables in these dimensions in schools, clubs, and bars. Also, the Olympics and other national or international events need to keep into consideration these dimensions to have their Ping Pong table ready for the game. 

2.74m x 1.525m x 0.76m

9 ft x 5 ft x 2.5 ft

108″ x 60″ x 30″

274cm x 152.5cm x 76cm

Did you know? 

Ping Pong was once banned in the Soviet Union from 1930 to 1950 believed to be harmful for eyes. 

Official Table Parameters: 

Apart from the dimensions, the ITTF has also formulated certain parameters which again has to be followed when designing a table for an official Ping Pong game. 

  • The table top has to be 76 cm above the ground/surface and be level across the surface.
  • The table should create 23 cm high bounce whenever the ball comes from a height of 30 cm. The table can be crafted of any material that can produce this kind of result. 

Official Table Making: 

  • The table must be dark colored, marked with white lines across the edges that are 2 cm thick. 
  • The net must be running horizontally across the entire surface of 1.525 m (width) of the ping pong table, splitting the table into two equal parts, equal to 1.37 m in length.
  • The top of the net should be 15.25 cm above the playing surface.
  • For a Doubles match, an additional line of 3 mm width should be drawn orthogonal to the net, splitting the table again into two equal parts, down the center, 76 m. 

Did you know? 

As a beginner, you can burn about 200 to 350 calories playing this game for an hour. If you are an advanced player, you can burn up to 500 calories in the same duration. 

Awesome workout!

Space Around The Ping Pong Table:

Every sport requires a minimum cleared space for the players to hop around easily. If it’s too congested the players won’t be able to play properly. Hence, ITTF decided upon the formulation of a minimum clearance space around the Ping Pong Table. 

  • The play area in an international sports event or world tournament has been decided to be 14 m x 7 m, that’s approximately 46 ft x 23 ft.
  • The National and local tournaments generally have less demanding space requirements, and a (nonofficial) recreational play space often needs around 8.5 m x 4m or 28 ft x 13 ft round the table.

Conclusion

It’s pretty much all about the official size and parameters of Ping Pong. There’s a lot more to know. Stay tuned to the website and keep getting interesting updates on your favorite game.

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